Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2023
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


Principles of Consolidation


The Consolidated Financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, (i) CloudFirst Technologies Corporation, a Delaware corporation, (ii) Data Storage FL, LLC, a Florida limited liability company, (iii) Flagship Solutions, LLC, a Florida limited liability company, (iv) Information Technology Acquisition Corporation, a Delaware Corporation, and (v) its majority-owned subsidiary, Nexxis Inc, a Nevada corporation. All inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.




Certain prior year amounts in the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto have been reclassified where necessary to conform to the current year’s presentation. These reclassifications did not affect the prior period’s total assets, total liabilities, stockholders’ equity, net loss or net cash provided by operating activities. During the year ended December 31, 2023, we adopted a change in presentation on our consolidated statements of in order to present interest income as a standalone line, the presentation of which is consistent with our peers. Prior periods have been revised to reflect this change in presentation.


Recently Issued and Newly Adopted Accounting Pronouncements


In June 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The FASB subsequently issued amendments to ASU 2016-13, which have the same effective date and transition date of January 1, 2023. These standards replace the existing incurred loss impairment model with an expected credit loss model and requires a financial asset measure at amortized cost to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected. The Company determined that this change does not have a material impact to the financial statements or financial statement disclosures.


In November 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued ASU 2023-07, Segment Reporting (Topic 280): Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures, which enhances reportable segment disclosure requirements primarily through expanded disclosures around significant segment expenses. The amendments are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2023, and for interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2024. The amendments should be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented in the financial statements. We are currently evaluating the impact of the ASU and expect to include updated segment expense disclosures.


In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU 2023-09, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures, which requires disclosure of specific categories meeting a quantitative threshold within the income tax rate reconciliation, as well as disaggregation of income taxes paid by jurisdiction. This ASU, which can be applied either prospectively or retrospectively, is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the ASU and expect to include updated income tax disclosures.


Use of Estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates.


Estimated Fair Value of Financial Instruments


The Company’s financial instruments include cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and lease commitments. Management believes the estimated fair value of these accounts on December 31, 2023, approximate their carrying value as reflected in the balance sheet due to the short-term nature. The carrying values of certain of the Company’s notes payable and capital lease obligations approximate their fair values based upon a comparison of the interest rate and terms of such debt given the level of risk to the rates and terms of similar debt currently available to the Company in the marketplace.


Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis


Certain assets and liabilities are measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis. Assets and liabilities recognized or disclosed at fair value on the consolidated financial statements on a nonrecurring basis include items such as property, plant and equipment, operating lease right-of-use assets, goodwill and other intangible assets. These assets are measured using Level 3 inputs, if determined to be impaired.


Cash and Cash Equivalents


The Company considers all highly liquid investments with an original maturity, or remaining maturity at the time of purchase, of three months or less, to be cash equivalents. As of December 31, 2023 and 2022, the Company had cash equivalents of $1,428,730 and $2,286,722 respectively.




Marketable securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling them in the near term are classified as trading securities and are reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses recognized in earnings.


The following table sets forth a summary of the changes in equity investments, at cost that are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis: 


    For the years ended December 31, 2023, and 2022
As of January 1, 2022   $  
Purchase of equity investments     9,010,968  
Unrealized gains      
As of December 31, 2022     9,010,968  
Purchase of equity investments     2,307,228  
Unrealized gains      
As of December 31, 2023   $ 11,318,196  


Concentration of Credit Risk and Other Risks and Uncertainties


Financial instruments and assets subjecting the Company to concentration of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments and trade accounts receivable. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are maintained at major U.S. financial institutions. Deposits in these institutions may exceed the amount of insurance provided on such deposits.


The Company’s customers are primarily concentrated in the United States.


As of December 31, 2023, DSC had one customer with an accounts receivable balance representing 20% of total accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2022, the Company had two customers with an accounts receivable balance representing 23% and 14% of total accounts receivable.


For the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company had two customers that accounted for 12% and 10% of revenue. For the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company had two customers that accounted for 18% and 11% of revenue.


Accounts Receivable/Allowance for Credit Losses


The Company sells its services to customers on an open credit basis. Accounts receivables are uncollateralized, non-interest-bearing customer obligations. Accounts receivable are typically due within 30 days. The allowance for credit losses reflects the estimated accounts receivable that will not be collected due to credit losses. Provisions for estimated uncollectible accounts receivable are made for individual accounts based upon specific facts and circumstances including criteria such as their age, amount, and customer standing. Provisions are also made for other accounts receivable not specifically reviewed based upon historical experience. Clients invoiced in advance for services are reflected in deferred revenue on the Company's balance sheet.


Property and Equipment


Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated over their estimated useful lives or the term of the lease using the straight-line method for financial statement purposes. Estimated useful lives in years for depreciation are five to seven years for property and equipment. Additions, betterments and replacements are capitalized, while expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to operations when incurred. As units of property are sold or retired, the related cost and accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts, and any resulting gain or loss is recognized in income.


Deferred Offering Costs


The Company capitalizes certain legal, professional accounting and other third-party fees that are directly associated with in-process equity financing as deferred offering costs until such financings are consummated. After consummation of the equity financing, these costs are recorded in stockholders’ deficit as a reduction of additional paid-in capital generated as a result of the offering. Should the planned equity financing be abandoned, the deferred offering costs will be expensed immediately as a charge to other income and expenses in the consolidated statement of operations. In accordance with this policy, for the years ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, the Company expensed financing costs of $0 and $127,343, respectively.


Income Taxes


Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. At December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had a full valuation allowance against its deferred tax assets.


Per FASB ASC 740-10, disclosure is not required of an uncertain tax position unless it is considered probable that a claim will be asserted and there is a more-likely-than-not possibility that the outcome will be unfavorable. Using this guidance, as of December 31, 2023, and 2022, the Company has no uncertain tax positions that qualify for either recognition or disclosure in the financial statements. The Company’s 2023, 2022, 2021, and 2020 Federal and State tax returns remain subject to examination by their respective taxing authorities. Neither of the Company’s Federal or State tax returns are currently under examination.


Goodwill and Other Intangibles


The Company tests goodwill and other intangible assets for impairment on at least an annual basis. Impairment exists if the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its estimated fair value. To determine the fair value of goodwill and intangible assets, the Company uses many assumptions and estimates using a market participant approach that directly impacts the results of the testing. In making these assumptions and estimates, the Company uses industry accepted valuation models and set criteria that are reviewed and approved by various levels of management.


The Company tests goodwill for impairment on an annual basis on December 31, or more frequently if events occur or circumstances change indicating that the fair value of the goodwill may be below its carrying amount. The Company has four reporting units. The Company uses an income-based approach to determine the fair value of the reporting units. This approach uses a discounted cash flow methodology and the ability of our reporting units to generate cash flows as measures of fair value of our reporting units.


For the year ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, the Company completed its annual impairment tests of goodwill. The Company performed the qualitative assessment as permitted by ASC 350-20 and determined for two of its reporting units that the fair value of those reporting units was more likely than not greater than their carrying value, including Goodwill at December 31, 2023. However, based on this qualitative assessment on December 31, 2022 the Company determined that the carrying value of the Flagship reporting unit was more likely than not greater than its fair value, including Goodwill. Based on the completion of the annual impairment test on December 31, 2022, the Company recorded an impairment charge of $2,322,000 for goodwill for the year ended December 31, 2022.


Revenue Recognition


Nature of goods and services


The following is a description of the products and services from which the Company generates revenue, as well as the nature, timing of satisfaction of performance obligations, and significant payment terms for each:


  1) Cloud Infrastructure and Disaster Recovery Revenue


Cloud Infrastructure provides clients with the ability to migrate their on-premises computing and digital storage to DSC’s enterprise-level technical compute and digital storage assets located in Tier 3 data centers. DSC owns the assets and provides a turnkey solution whereby achieving reliable and cost-effective, multi-tenant IBM Power compute, x86/intel, flash digital storage, while providing disaster recovery and cyber security while eliminating client capital expenditures. The client pays a monthly fee and can increase capacity as required.


Clients can subscribe to an array of disaster recovery solutions without subscribing to cloud infrastructure. Product offerings provided directly from DSC are High Availability, Data Vaulting and retention solutions, including standby servers which allows clients to centralize and streamline their mission-critical digital information and technical environment while ensuring business continuity if they experience a cyber-attack or natural disaster. Client’s data is vaulted at two data centers with the maintenance of retention schedules for corporate governances and regulations all to meet their back to work objective in a disaster.


  2) Managed Services 


These services are performed at the inception of a contract. The Company provides professional assistance to its clients during the implementation processes. On-boarding and set-up services ensure that the solution or software is installed properly and function as designed to provide clients with the best solutions. In addition, clients that are managed service clients have a requirement for DSC to offer time and material billing supplementing the client’s staff.


The Company also derives both one-time and subscription-based revenue from providing support, management and renewal of software, hardware, third party maintenance contracts and third-party cloud services to clients. The managed services include help desk, remote access, operating system and software patch management, annual recovery tests and manufacturer support for equipment and on-going monitoring of client system performance.


  3) Equipment and Software


The Company provides equipment and software and actively participates in collaboration with IBM to provide innovative business solutions to clients. The Company is a partner of IBM and the various software, infrastructure and hybrid cloud solutions provided to clients.


  4) Nexxis Voice over Internet and Direct Internet Access


The Company provides VoIP, Internet access and data transport services to ensure businesses are fully connected to the internet from any location, remote and on premise. The company provides Hosted VoIP solutions with equipment options for IP phones and internet speeds of up to 10Gb delivered over fiber optics.


Disaggregation of revenue


In the following table, revenue is disaggregated by major product line, geography, and timing of revenue recognition.


For the Year
Ended December 31, 2023
    United States   International   Total
Infrastructure & Disaster Recovery/Cloud Service   $ 9,487,329     $ 208,504     $ 9,695,833  
Equipment and Software     6,056,723             6,056,723  
Managed Services     7,903,736       136,648       8,040,384  
Nexxis VoIP Services     1,012,193             1,012,193  
Other     150,950       3,493       154,443  
Total Revenue   $ 24,610,931     $ 348,645     $ 24,959,576  


For the Year
Ended December 31, 2022
    United States   International   Total
Cloud Infrastructure & Disaster Recovery   $ 8,116,523     $ 183,855     $ 8,300,378  
Equipment and Software     6,194,634             6,194,634  
Managed Services     8,323,329       122,126       8,445,455  
Nexxis Services     799,675             799,675  
Other     130,695             130,695  
Total Revenue   $ 23,564,856     $ 305,981     $ 23,870,837  


For the Year
Ended December 31,
Timing of revenue recognition   2023   2022
Products transferred at a point in time   $ 6,211,166     $ 6,325,328  
Products and services transferred over time     18,748,410       17,545,509  
Total Revenue   $ 24,959,576     $ 23,870,837  


Contract receivables are recorded at the invoiced amount and are uncollateralized, non-interest-bearing client obligations. Provisions for estimated uncollectible accounts receivable are made for individual accounts based upon specific facts and circumstances including criteria such as their age, amount, and client standing.


Sales are generally recorded in the month the service is provided. For clients who are billed on an annual basis, deferred revenue is recorded and amortized over the life of the contract. During the year ended December 31, 2022, the Company recognized $146,159 in sales that was recorded as deferred revenue as of December 31, 2021. During the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company recognized $277,375 in sales that was recorded as deferred revenue as of December 31, 2022.


Transaction price allocated to the remaining performance obligations


The Company has the following performance obligations:


1) Data Vaulting: Subscription-based cloud service that encrypts and transfers data to a secure Tier 3 data center and further replicates the data to a second Tier 3 DSC technical center where it remains encrypted. Ensuring client retention schedules for corporate compliance and disaster recovery. Provides for twenty-four (24) hour or less recovery time and utilizes advanced data reduction, reduplication technology to shorten back-up and restore time.


2) High Availability: A managed cloud subscription-based service that provides cost-effective mirroring software replication technology and provides one (1) hour or less recovery time for a client to be back in business.
3) Cloud Infrastructure: subscription-based cloud service provides for “capacity on-demand” for IBM Power and X86 Intel server systems.
4) Internet: Subscription-based service, offering continuous internet connection combined with FailSAFE which provides disaster recovery for both a clients’ voice and data environments.
5) Support and Maintenance: Subscription based service offers support for clients on their servers, firewalls, desktops or software. Services are provided 24x7x365 to our clients.
6) Implementation / Set-Up Fees: Onboarding and set-up for cloud infrastructure and disaster recovery as well as Cyber Security.
7) Equipment sales: Sale of servers and data storage equipment to the client.
9) License: Granting SSL certificates and licenses.


Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity Solutions


Subscription services allow clients to access data or receive services for a predetermined period of time. As the client obtains access at a point in time and continues to have access for the remainder of the subscription period, the client is considered to simultaneously receive and consume the benefits provided by the entity’s performance as the entity performs. Accordingly, the related performance obligation is considered to be satisfied ratably over the contract term. As the performance obligation is satisfied evenly across the term of the contract, revenue is recognized on a straight-line basis over the contract term.


Initial Set-Up Fees


The Company accounts for set-up fees as a separate performance obligation. Set-up services are performed one-time and accordingly the revenue is recognized at the point in time, and is non-refundable, and the Company is entitled to the payment.


Equipment Sales


The obligation for the equipment sales is such that the control of the product transfer is at a point in time (i.e., when the goods have been shipped or delivered to the client’s location, depending on shipping terms). Noting that the satisfaction of the performance obligation, in this sense, does not occur over time, the performance obligation is considered to be satisfied at a point in time when the obligation to the client has been fulfilled (i.e., when the goods have left the shipping facility or delivered to the client, depending on shipping terms).


License - granting SSL certificates and other licenses


Performance obligations as it relates to licensing is when the control of the product transfers, either at a point in time or over time, depending on the nature of the license. The revenue standard identifies two types of licenses of IP: (i) a right to access IP; and, (ii) a right to use IP. To assist in determining whether a license provides a right to use or a right to access IP, ASC 606 defines two categories of IP: Functional and Symbolic. The Company’s license arrangements typically do not require the Company to make its proprietary content available to the client either through a download or through a direct connection. Throughout the life of the contract the Company does not continue to provide updates or upgrades to the license granted. Based on the guidance, the Company considers its license offerings to be akin to functional IP and recognizes revenue at the point in time the license is granted and/or renewed for a new period.


Payment Terms


The typical terms of subscription contracts range from 12 to 36 months, with auto-renew options extending the contract for an additional term. The Company invoices clients one month in advance for its services, in addition to any contractual data overages or for additional services.




The Company offers guaranteed service levels and service guarantees on some of its contracts. These warranties are not sold separately and are accounted as “assurance warranties”.


Significant Judgement


In the instance where contracts have multiple performance obligations the Company uses judgment to establish a stand-alone price for each performance obligation. The price for each performance obligation is determined by reviewing market data for similar services as well as the Company’s historical pricing of each individual service. The sum of each performance obligation is calculated to determine the aggregate price for the individual services. The proportion of each individual service to the aggregate price is determined. The ratio is applied to the total contract price in order to allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation.


Impairment of Long-Lived Assets


The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events and circumstances indicate that the carrying value of an asset might not be recoverable. An impairment loss, measured as the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value, is recognized if the carrying amount exceeds estimated un-discounted future cash flows.


Advertising Costs


The Company expenses the costs associated with advertising as they are incurred. The Company incurred $815,674 and $966,268 for advertising costs for the year ended December 31, 2023, and 2022, respectively.


Stock-Based Compensation


The Company follows the requirements of FASB ASC 718-10-10, Share-Based Payments with regards to stock-based compensation issued to employees and non-employees. The Company has agreements and arrangements that call for stock to be awarded to the employees and consultants at various times as compensation and periodic bonuses. The expense for this stock-based compensation is equal to the fair value of the stock price on the day the stock was awarded multiplied by the number of shares awarded. The Company has a relatively low forfeiture rate of stock-based compensation, and forfeitures are recognized as they occur.


The valuation methodology used to determine the fair value of the options issued during the period is the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The Black-Scholes model requires the use of a number of assumptions including the volatility of the stock price, the average risk-free interest rate, and the weighted average expected life of the options. Risk-free interest rates are calculated based on continuously compounded risk-free rates for the appropriate term. The dividend yield is assumed to be zero as the Company has never paid or declared any cash dividends on its Common Stock and does not intend to pay dividends on its Common Stock in the foreseeable future. The expected forfeiture rate is estimated based on management’s best assessment.


Estimated volatility is a measure of the amount by which DSC’s stock price is expected to fluctuate each year during the expected life of the award. The Company’s calculation of estimated volatility is based on historical stock prices over a period equal to the expected life of the awards.


Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share


Basic income (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) adjusted for income or loss that would result from the assumed conversion of potential common shares from contracts that may be settled in stock or cash by the weighted average number of shares of common stock, common stock equivalents and potentially dilutive securities outstanding during each period.


The following table sets forth the information needed to compute basic and diluted earnings per share for the years ended December 31, 2023, and 2022:


    Year Ended December 31,
    2023   2022
Net Income (Loss) Available to Common Shareholders   $ 381,575     $ (4,356,802 )
Weighted average number of common shares - basic     6,841,094       6,775,140  
Dilutive securities                
 Options     373,975        
Weighted average number of common shares - diluted     7,215,069       6,775,140  
Earnings (Loss) per share, basic   $ 0.06     $ (0.64 )
Earnings (Loss) per share, diluted   $ 0.05     $ (0.64 )


The following table sets forth the number of potential shares of common stock that have been excluded from diluted net income (loss) per share because their effect was anti-dilutive:


    Year ended December 31,
    2023    2022
 Options           221,372       301,391  
 Warrants           2,415,860       2,419,193  
      2,637,232       2,720,584